Sodium Chloride

Hscode: 25010099 Chemical formula: NaCl CAS Nu: 7647-14-5 UN Nu: NA Hazard Class: 5 Synonyms: Salt; Sea Salt, Halite, Rock salt, Table salt, Saline

Sodium chloride (NaCl) is a chemical compound composed of sodium (Na) and chlorine (Cl) ions. It is commonly known as table salt or simply salt. Sodium chloride is a crystalline solid with a characteristic salty taste. It is highly soluble in water and forms an electrolyte solution when dissolved. In its pure form, sodium chloride is a white crystalline substance. It occurs naturally in large deposits such as salt mines and salt pans. It is also found in seawater, where it is the main component responsible for the salinity of the ocean. Sodium chloride is an essential mineral for human health and is necessary for various bodily functions. It plays a vital role in maintaining fluid balance, nerve function, and muscle contractions. It is also involved in the transportation of nutrients and the regulation of blood pressure. In addition to its biological significance, sodium chloride has numerous industrial applications, as mentioned earlier. Its wide availability, low cost, and unique properties make it a versatile substance used in various industries and everyday life.

  • Culinary: Sodium chloride is primarily used as a seasoning and flavor enhancer in food. It adds taste to dishes and helps balance flavors.

  • Food preservation: Salt acts as a preservative by inhibiting the growth of bacteria and other microorganisms. It is commonly used in pickling, curing meats, and preserving fish.

  • Water treatment: Sodium chloride is utilized in water treatment processes to soften hard water. It helps remove impurities and minerals that can cause scaling in pipes and appliances.

  • Chemical industry: Sodium chloride is an essential raw material for the chemical industry. It is used in the production of chlorine, caustic soda, and other chemicals. Chlorine, in turn, is widely employed in disinfectants, bleaching agents, and PVC production.

  • Medical uses: Sodium chloride is employed in various medical applications. It is used to prepare saline solutions for intravenous fluids, wound cleaning, and nasal irrigation. Additionally, saltwater gargles are often recommended for soothing sore throats.

  • De-icing roads: Sodium chloride is commonly used to de-ice roads and highways during winter. When spread on icy surfaces, it lowers the freezing point of water, helping to melt the ice and improve traction.

  • Agriculture: Sodium chloride is sometimes used in agriculture as a fertilizer or soil amendment in certain crops. However, its use is limited due to its potential negative impact on soil and plant health when applied in excess. These are just a few examples of the many applications of sodium chloride. Its versatility and wide availability make it an indispensable substance in various industries and daily life.

Analysis Method Range Result Characteristic


ISIRI 26 Clear to Opaque White Crystalline OK Appearance
ISIRI 26 Brackish and free of Foreign Smell OK Test & Smell
ISIRI 3769 99.2 % Min 99.4 Sodium Chloride As NaCl
ISIRI 3771 0.1 % Max 0.03 Loss On Drying (110 For 2h)
ISIRI 3770 0.16 % Max <0.01 Water Insoluble
ISIRI 3258 0.46 % Max 0.11 Sulfate As (SO4)2-
ISIRI 4058 0.15 % Max 0.045 Calcium As Ca2+
ISIRI 4058 0.03 %  Max 0.0046 Magnesium As Mg2+
ISIRI 12256 5-8 5.83 PH5%
ISIRI 5550 10 ppm Max <10PPM Anti-caking (Ferrocyanide: ppm)
ISIRI 1195 30-60 ppm 48 Iodide (ppm)
Heavy Metals
ISIRI 16722 0.5 ppm Max <0.02 Arsenic As As
ISIRI 5771 10 ppm Max 4PPM Iron As Fe
ISIRI 3256 1 ppm Max 0 Lead As Pb
ISIRI 5631 2 ppm Max <0.2 Copper As Cu
ISIRI 3257 0.2 ppm Max <0.05 Cadmium As Cd
ISIRI 16722 0.05 ppm Max 0 Mercury As Hg

Mesh Analysis: Pan 0.3                              D50 488

Retained on 850 Micron Sieve (Mesh No.20) = 0

Retained on 600 Micron Sieve (Mesh No.30) =15.5

Retained on 425 Micron Sieve (Mesh No.40) =50.2

Retained on 300 Micron Sieve (Mesh No.50) =29.7

Retained on 250 Micron Sieve (Mesh No.60) =1.5

Retained on 212 Micron Sieve (Mesh No.70) =2.8

50kg bag

50kg bag on pallet or in jumbo

1MT Jumbo bag

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