Hot briquetted Iron (HBI)

Hscode: 72031000 Chemical formula: Fe CAS Nu: 65996-65-8 Hazard Class: Temporary increase in temperature of about 30°C1 due to self-heating may be expected after material handling in bulk. The material may slowly evolve hydrogen after contact with water (notably saline water). Hydrogen is a flammable gas that can form an explosive mixture when mixed with air in the concentration above 4% by volume. It is liable to cause oxygen depletion in cargo spaces. This cargo is non-combustible or has a low fire-risk. Synonyms: Hot Direct Reduced Iron (HDRI), Direct Reduced Iron Briquettes, Hot Briquetted Direct Reduced Iron (Hot-Briquetted DRI), HBI Iron Nuggets, Sponge Iron Briquettes, Reduced Iron Briquettes

Petrochemical: Saba steel

Hot Briquetted Iron (HBI) is a type of iron that is converted into small and compacted pieces in the process of direct reduction of iron. In this process, iron ore is first crushed and then separated from its oxygen using natural gas or nitrogen gas. As a result, the final products, known as Hot Briquetted Iron (HBI), has low oxygen content. This iron converted into small and compacted pieces is subjected to high temperatures (usually around 650-700 degrees Celsius) and pressure to transform it into dense and portable blocks. These blocks are known as briquettes. The use of Hot Briquetted Iron (HBI) offers advantages over regular iron ore. Due to its compact form, it is easier to transport and incurs lessdamage and oxidation. Moreover, with its low oxygen content, it undergoes faster decomposition and can be employed for the production of higher-quality and more resilient steel. In summary, Hot Briquetted Iron (HBI) is a valuable and versatile material utilized in the steel industry and other metal-related industries. It brings economic and environmental benefits by saving energy and reducing pollutants.

  • Steel production: HBI is commonly used in induction furnaces for steel production. Using HBI instead of regular iron ore can result in higher quality and desirable properties in the steel produced.

  • Steel tanks: HBI is utilized as a high-quality source of iron in steel tanks. This usage can reduce production time and costs while improving the quality of the products

  • Automotive industry: HBI finds application in the production of automotive parts. Due to its good mechanical properties, this material can be used in the manufacturing of complex and durable parts that operate under tough conditions.

  • Metal reduction processes: HBI is used in metal reduction processes such as aluminum and pig iron production. It can serve as a stable and high-quality source of iron in these processes.

  • Construction industry: HBI has applications in the construction industry as well. It can be used in the production of metal sheets, steel pipes, metal profiles, and metal structures. These are just a few examples of the common applications of Hot Briquetted Iron (HBI) in the industry. Overall, this material is used in various industrial processes that require high-quality iron

Chemical composition
Total Fe 86% (+/-1%)
Metallic Fe 79% (+/-1%)
Metallization 91% (+/-1%)
Carbon 0.8 % Min
Sulphur 0.01 % Max
Physical properties
Item Weight average result (%)
-6.35 mm 5
+6.35 95
Total 100
Normal size 144*54*35mm

Loading onto specialized bulk carriers or trains.

HBI Specification


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